Andrei Tarkovski (1932-1986)
famous russian movie director
Why does art exist? To whom is missing? Is there someone who need it?
Matters that raises not only for the artist but also for any person who enyoy
or "consume" art, to say it with a word that, unfortunately,
unmasks cruelty art-public relationship in the twentieth century.
Therefore, this issue affects everybody and everybody
who has to do with art tries to give an answer.
Alexander Blok said that "the artist creates harmony out of chaos".
attributed to the poet prophetic gifts.
Each artist is completely determined by laws of his own.
These laws are worthless for any other artist.
I think that there is no doubt that the goal of any art
is not to be "consumed" as a commodity. It is to explain
himself, and those around, the meaning of life and of human existence.
to tell the man what is the motive and the purpose of his existence.
Or maybe not explain it, but only take him to face this question.
In my opinion the indisputable role of art is linked to the idea of producing
an effect that it is expressed as a shock.... as a catharsis.
In a sense, the man gets to know every time a new understanding
of the meaning of life and of his own being, their potential and goals.
Of course that he also will use the sum of human knowledge.But, even though,
the ethical and moral self knowledge are still the key.
The experience of each person has to be done again and again only by each person.
Again and again, the man's relation with the world
will be always pushed by the tormenting desire to appropriate the Ideal.
The utopian and unrealistic character of that desire is the perennial
source of discontent and suffer by the failure of the self.
The art and the science are forms of knowledge that try to appropriate
the "absolute truth" of the world,
But this is the end common point of these two expressions of creative human spirit,
insisting that this creative spirit has to do not only with discover but actually with create.
In art, the man takes control of reality through his subjective experience.
In science, human knowledge follows the rungs of a ladder
without end, in which there always will be
new insights about the world to replace the old ones.
It is a gradual way where the ideas are replaced each other in logical
sequence because the more detailed factual knowledge.
On the contrary, knowledge and artistic discovery are starting each time
as a new and unique image of the world, as a hieroglyph of the Absolute Truth.
It is a revelation, a passionate desire of the artist that shines suddenly,
as an intuitive desire to host all the laws of the world, its beauty and ugliness,
its humanity and cruelty, and its unlimited and limit being.
The artist reproduces all this in creating an image that tries to contain the Absolute.
Using this image he fixes the experience of the endless and by means of his limitations he expresses the spiritual instead of the material; the infinite instead of the finite.
It can be say that art is a symbol of this world, coupled with the spiritual absolute truth,
that is hidden for us because the positivist and pragmatic practice.
If a person wants to join a particular scientific system, he must activate his logical
thinking,he has to master a particular training system and have to know how to understand it.
The art is open to eerybody, hoping to araise a sensitive impression,
to trigger an emotional wreck and to be accepted.
The art does not want to propose rational arguments to people. Art tries to convey
an spiritual energy.
The art emerged and developed where there is that eternal and restless desire of the spiritual.
This ideal is what makes people congregate around art.
The thirst for the ideal is what makes that the artistic image is always a symbol.
It replaces one thing for another, the greater by the lesser, the finite for the infinity
Infinity is unrealized, it can only be presented as a creation, as an illusion, as an image.
The awfulness is enclosed in the beauty, the same as beauty is inside the awful
Life is involved in this conflict, grandiose to the point of absurdity, a contradiction
that in the art appears as smooth and dramatic at the same time.
The image allows us to perceive this unity, in which everything is contiguous to the rest, everything flows and enters the rest.
You can talk about the idea of an image, to express its essence in words. You may verbalize, formulate a thought, but this description can never be exact.
An image can be felt, accepted or rejected,
but it can not be understood in a rational sense.
The idea of infinity can not be expressed in words, it can not even be described.
But art provides the possibility that makes that the infinite be there,
be close to you, be noticeable.
The artistic worck requires a true artist's compliance of himself. If art works with the hieroglyphic of the absolute truth, each of these images is an image of the world.
And if scientific knowledge is like to be advancing through the rungs of an endless ladder, the artistic knowing remembers an infinite system of spheres,inside perfect,but closed in themselves.
The areas with which the art works can complement or contradict each other, but in no case, one can be substituted for another. Quite the contrary: they enrich each other and form in its entirety a particular and general area, which grows to the infinity. These poetic revelations of eternal validity show us that man is capable of knowing and expressing who's image he is.
Moreover, art has a deeply communicative function.
Unlike science, artwork doesn't pursues a practical goal of material importance.
Art is a meta language that help people try to move toward one another, establishing communications about themselves and adapting each other's experiences.
But perhaps, intuition approaches the art and the science, these two forms of appropriation of reality so contradictory at first sight.
Intuition plays an important role in both cases, although,obviously, it is more important in the artistic creation than in science.
Also the concept of understand means in each area something completely different.
The understanding in the scientific sense means to agree to logic, to reason, it is an intellectual act related to the proof of a theorem.
The understand of an artistic image means, on the contrary,to receive the beauty of art at an emotional level, in some cases even "above" emotions.
The conscious jump in the logical thinking is based on knowledge of the laws of a particular scientific field. And although it seems that scientific discovery is a result of inspiration, the inspiration of the wise minds has nothing to do with the inspiration of the artist.
The birth of an artistic image, a unique and closed image is created at another level, a non-intellectual level, it can not be explained by an empirical process of knowledge.
When an artist creates an artistic image he is also beating his thoughts, which is nothing
compared to the image of the world captured emotionally.
This image is for him a revelation, the thought is fleeting and the image is absolute .
Therefore we can talk about parallels between the impression of an spiritual
and sensitive person with those persons who esperiment religious experience.
Art is particularly important to form the spiritual structure of the soul of a person.
The artist is a person with the imagination and psychology of a child,
Words and images do not describe the world. The world is his own creation.